What is Acquired Brain Injury?

Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is a little known or understood disability. It is an injury to the brain which can result in deterioration in cognitive, physical, emotional or independent functioning. ABI can occur as a result of tumour, hypoxia, infection, tumor, substance abuse, degenerative neurological diseases or stroke. These impairments to cognitive abilities or physical functioning may be either temporary or permanent and cause partial or total disability or psychosocial maladjustment.

What are some of the effects of ABI?

The impact of an ABI on a persons life can be subtle or it can be major. Some people resume life as usual, but for many there will be disabilities of varying degrees to contend with. Apart from the physical disabilities, effects can include:

  • Mood Swings and personality changes
  • Behavioral and emotional dysfunctions
  • Loss of smell, taste, and problems with vision and hearing
  • Memory problems, slow to respond to situations
  • Difficulty in planning things and following through with those plans
  • Difficulty in expressing oneself and impairment of speech
  • Words may be jumbled or not appropriate
  • Sometimes there is a loss of inhibition